Definition of Logistics, Objectives, Benefits, and Logistics Activities
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What is logistics? In general, the notion of Logistics is a science or art in carrying out the process of storage, distribution and maintenance, and the elimination of various items or certain tools.
There is also a mention that the notion of logistics is a series of processes that include activities of planning, implementation, and supervision of a transfer process, be it goods / services, energy, or other resources, from the starting point to the point of use.
From the explanation of the meaning of logistics, it can be concluded that logistics is part of management science where a series of activities are interconnected and carried out in stages, and aim to manage and maintain certain goods or equipment.
In order to better understand the meaning of logistics, we can refer to the opinions of the following experts:
According to Burg, the notion of logistics is the integration of procurement, transportation, inventory management, and warehousing activities in providing cost-effective tools / ways to meet customer needs, both internal and external.
According to Christopher, the notion of logistics is a process that strategically manages the procurement, movement and storage of materials, parts and finished goods along with the flow of information related through the organization and its marketing channels, in the manner in which the company benefits, both at this time and in the future coming, can be maximized by fulfilling orders that are cost effective.
According to Donald Walters, the notion of logistics is a function that involves moving, regulating the movement of goods, and storing material on its journey from the initial sender, through the supply chain and to the final customer.
All logistics activities are to achieve a goal, namely the availability of the right goods at the right time and place. That way, the company must carry out a series of logistics activities, namely:
In its implementation, logistics activities have performance standards that must be achieved. The level of performance to be achieved in logistics activities is the balance between the quality of service expected by the customer and all costs incurred to achieve the company’s goals.
According to Bowersox, there are two main factors that determine the level of logistics performance, namely
According to Gunawan, there are several logistical activities that are related to one another. The logistics activities are as follows:
Thus a brief explanation of the notion of logistics, objectives and benefits of logistics, and some logistics activities in general. Hopefully this article is useful and adds to your insight.