Education Management: Definition, Scope, Function, and Purpose
Table of contents
What is education management? Definition of Management Education in general is a process of planning, drafting, implementing, and supervising, in managing all resources in the form of human, money, material, methods, machinery, markets, time, and information, to achieve goals effectively and efficiently in the field education.
Management of education in a business or company is carried out directly by education managers to realize the implementation of educational activities that are targeted.
The main objective is to increase the regularity of the implementation of company resources. More about education management and its functions in a business or company will be discussed in this article.
Some experts have explained the understanding of management in the field of education, including:
According to Syarif, the understanding of management of education is all joint efforts to utilize resources “personnel and material” effectively and efficiently to support the achievement of education.
According to Sutisna, the notion of management in the field of education is the whole “process” that makes appropriate personnel and material resources available and effective for achieving common goals in the field of education.
According to Djaman Satori, the notion of education management is the whole process of cooperation by utilizing all available personnel and material resources that are available and appropriate to achieve the educational goals that have been set up effectively and efficiently.
According to Made Pidarta, the understanding of management of education is the activity of combining various educational sources so that they are centralized in an effort to achieve predetermined educational goals.
According to Soebagio Atmodiwirio, management of education is the process of planning, organizing, leading, controlling education personnel, educational resources to achieve educational goals.
According to Engkoswara, management of education is a science that studies how to organize resources to achieve goals that have been set productively and how to create a good atmosphere for humans who participate in achieving the goals agreed upon together.
According to Hadari Nawawi, the understanding of management in the field of education is a series of business control activities in collaboration with a group of people to achieve educational goals, in a planned and systematic manner held in certain environments, especially formal education institutions.
According to W. Haris, management of education is a process of integrating all efforts to utilize personnel and material resources in an effort to effectively develop human qualities.
According to Purwanto and Djojopranoto, the notion of management of education is a joint effort carried out to utilize all human resources, money, materials and equipment and methods to achieve educational goals effectively and efficiently.
According to Stephen J. Kneziech, management of education is a set of organizational functions that have the main objective of ensuring the efficiency and effectiveness of educational services, as well as implementing policies through planning, decision making, leadership behavior, preparation of resource allocation, stimulation and coordination of personnel and organizational climate conducive.
According to Daryanto, the notion of education management is a way of working with people in an effort to achieve effective educational goals.
According to Dasuqi and Somantri, education management is an effort to implement management principles in the field of education.
While Sagala said the notion of management of education is the application of management science in the world of education or as the application of management in coaching, developing and controlling businesses and educational practices.
According to Gaffar, management of education is a systematic, systemic and comprehensive process of cooperation in order to realize national education goals.
Education management according to Mulyasa is interpreted as everything that is concerned with managing the educational process to achieve its intended goals, both short-term, medium-term and long-term goals.
The definition of education management according to the Ministry of Education and Culture’s Bureau of Planning is the process of planning, organizing, leading, controlling education personnel, educational resources to achieve educational goals, educating the nation’s life and developing fully human
Humans as a whole are human beings who believe, fear God Almighty, have virtuous character, have knowledge, skills, physical and spiritual health, a solid, independent personality, and are responsible for society and the nation.
Broadly speaking there are four scope of management in the field of education, including:
The scope based on the work area can be divided into:
The scope based on arable ojek can be divided into:
The scope based on the function or sequence of activities can be divided into:
When we look at the scope of the class environment, the teacher acts as an administrator. Therefore the teacher must be able to carry out various management activities. In other words, the teacher acts as a manager in the class.
There are 4 important elements that must be realized as one of the tools to achieve the goal. The following are 4 important elements in education management functions:
In this case the management of education is obliged to ensure that all resources in various fields can create work maps and that are in accordance with the company’s vision.
Management education collects human resources in the company, capital and equipment needed. This field also has to find the most effective way to achieve the company’s main goals by involving all existing components and ensuring that everything goes according to the track.
Education management is important to mobilize the company’s human resources and encourage the implementation of planned activities to achieve goals. This is important as an efficiency process so that the performance of all employees is effective.
This field has an obligation to control resources to run according to the track that has been set. When something is not right, they have to work straightening it as before.
In general, the main purpose of education management is to shape the personality of students to fit the goals of national education and the level of development or improvement for the age of education.
In addition, management in the education sector also has the following objectives and benefits:
With the ongoing global conditions and more brilliant future opportunities, it can become a big capital to make changes. To achieve this great goal, a large qualification is needed in the management of corporate education. Through improving the qualifications of human resources, the company has carried out a commitment in terms of improving quality, what else in the field of administration.
This management is also obliged to understand opportunities as important capital which is the basis for improving HR quality while increasing high commitment. The benefits? This will automatically provide a domino effect (in positive terms) in terms of company management, business, strategy, human resources, education and teaching.
Companies or businesses that do not have good management in terms of education will hinder their development because their ethos is still less than the standard set. This happens because of the lack of innovation from the team / employee / employee. As mentioned earlier that education management has an element as an organization that will map its resources as what.
The following carefully and systematically is its function:
Seeing the importance of understanding the understanding of management of education, it is time for you to start thinking about establishing this field so that the quality of your business increases.